HIV status disclosure can help patients obtain support which may influence treatment adherence and subsequent healthcare needs. We examined the extent of disclosure and correlates of non-disclosure among 1180 adults newly initiating antiretroviral treatment (ART). While 91 % of those in a relationship shared their status with their partners, 14 % of the overall sample had not disclosed to anyone. Non-disclosure was positively associated with older age; control over household resources; and concerns about unintended disclosure, life disruptions, and family reactions. Knowing other HIV-positive people and longer time since diagnosis were associated with lower odds of non-disclosure. Most respondents reporting disclosure experienced supportive responses, frequently including decision to get an HIV test by confidants who had not known their own status. Although HIV status disclosure prior to ART initiation was high, some individuals cited concerns about unintended disclosure, gossip, and partner violence, and may benefit from additional disclosure support.
Citation: Gadisa T, Tymejczyk O, Kulkarni SG, Hoffman S, Lahuerta M, Remien RH, Yigzaw M, Daba S, Elul B, Nash D, Melaku Z. Disclosure History Among Persons Initiating Antiretroviral Treatment at Six HIV Clinics in Oromia, Ethiopia, 2012-2013. AIDS Behav. 2017 Jan;21(1):70-81. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1290-4. Link to PubMed >>