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Promoting HIV self-testing via text message to truck drivers in Kenya

Promoting HIV self-testing via text message to truck drivers in Kenya
January 14, 2019 Truck drivers in sub-Saharan Africa are especially vulnerable to infection with HIV due to contact with multiple sexual partners—often including sex workers—along their trucking routes. Accessing HIV testing can be a challenge for truckers due to their mobility and long working hours, as well as concerns about confidentiality and stigma. CUNY SPH researchers Dr. Elizabeth Kelvin, Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and DPH candidate Matthew Romo are exploring HIV self-testing as a way to increase testing rates in this high-risk population. The research...
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Redefining colorectal cancer subtypes

Redefining colorectal cancer subtypes
November 19, 2018 There is a long-standing belief that colorectal cancer (CRC), which causes some 50,000 deaths in the United States each year, can be categorized into distinct molecular subtypes. In a paper published recently in the journal Genome Biology, CUNY SPH Associate Professor and ISPH Investigator Levi Waldron and colleagues proposed an approach to scoring tumors that can help to better differentiate patients who may differ in their exposures, outcomes, and optimal treatments. In the study, the authors re-processed and standardized individual patient gene expression data for mo...
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IeDEA Consortium publishes journal supplement on research priorities for achieving universal HIV treatment in sub-Saharan Africa

IeDEA Consortium publishes journal supplement on research priorities for achieving universal HIV treatment in sub-Saharan Africa
Nearly all countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have adopted national polices for universal HIV treatment, regardless of CD4 cell count or clinical stage. Evidence to date from SSA suggests that, once linked to care, timely ART initiation with retention and viral suppression is the norm. However, ART initiation in SSA usually occurs late in the course of infection, driving up mortality and new infection rates. With 10.3 million people untreated and a projected 1.2M new infections per year in SSA, the universal treatment era presents strategic opportunities for health systems to substantially ...
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Nondaily cigarette smoking up among those with mental health and substance use problems; daily smoking continues to decline overall.

Nondaily cigarette smoking up among those with mental health and substance use problems; daily smoking continues to decline overall.
For immediate release: November 8, 2018 Study finds persistent discrepancies in cigarette smoking between those with mental health and substance use problems and those without Between 2005 and 2014, nondaily cigarette use increased among persons with common mental health and substance use problems (MHSUP), according to a new study in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry lead by Renee Goodwin, Deputy Director of the Institute for Implementation Science in Population Health. “Historically, non-daily or infrequent smoking was not considered a great concern, and attention was focused primarily...
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CUNY ISPH investigators help define subtypes of ovarian cancer

CUNY ISPH investigators help define subtypes of ovarian cancer
September 4, 2018 In a new paper published in the journal Clinical Cancer Research, CUNY SPH Associate Professor Levi Waldron and colleagues resolved the long-standing controversy over how to define molecular subtypes of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, the most common form of ovarian cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Understanding molecular subtypes of common forms of cancer is important because clinically similar cases may differ in their genetic underpinnings, causes, and outcomes. “Lumping together potentially different diseases just because...
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One Year After Historic Hepatitis C Summit, Governor Cuomo Commits to Ending Hepatitis C in New York State

One Year After Historic Hepatitis C Summit, Governor Cuomo Commits to Ending Hepatitis C in New York State
Albany, NY – Governor Cuomo publicly announced a commitment to ending the hepatitis C (HCV) epidemic in New York. The announcement builds off his 2015 commitment to end AIDS as an epidemic in New York State. In the announcement, Cuomo committed to allocating resources this year which would be the first increase in hepatitis C funding in a decade. This announcement comes one year after New York State held the first Hepatitis C Elimination Summit in the nation. The summit was a culmination of a year's worth of work by 94 New York-based health experts, providers, government representatives and...
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New bioinformatics methods unlock analysis of major public genomics projects

Dr. Levi Waldron, investigator here with the ISPH and professor at the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy (CUNY SPH), has published two bioinformatics papers in the journals Cancer Research and Nature Methods. These papers present novel databases and bioinformatic methods that enable effective analyses of major cancer and human microbiome datasets for a much broader range of researchers than could previously utilize these publicly generated resources. The methods are implemented as components of the free R and Bioconductor software for statistical analysis of high-throughp...
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