Author: ISPH CUNY

Testing, Testing: Multiple HIV-Positive Tests among Patients Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy in Ethiopia

Summary: A recent ISPH study concluded that repeat HIV-positive testing (vs single occurrence re-testing), after a receiving a positive result appears to stem from doubt over their HIV status and whether they tested at another facility.  The odds of repeat (versus single) HIV-positive testing were lower among those who initially tested because of symptoms. Repeat HIV testing after a positive result has never been studied systematically and may provide insight into reasons for delayed linkage to care and providers need to be aware of this potential when counseling those who test HIV-positive. ...
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Trends in Daily Cannabis Use Among Cigarette Smokers : United States, 2002-2014.

Summary: A November 2017 study investigated estimated changes in the prevalence of daily cannabis use among current, former and never cigarette smokers from 2002 to 2014, in the United States.  Daily cannabis use occurs predominantly among cigarette smokers in the United States. Daily cannabis use increased among current, former, and never smokers over the past decade, with particularly rapid increases among youth and female cigarette smokers. Future research is needed to monitor the observed increase in daily cannabis use, especially among youths and adults who smoke cigarettes. Abstract:...
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An Experimental Investigation of Implicit HIV And PrEP Stigma: Evidence For Ancillary Benefits of Prep Use

Summary: Few studies have examined PrEP stigma using implicit measures designed to reduce demand characteristics in responding. This study examined implicit PrEP- and HIV-related stigma among gay and bisexual men using geospatial social networking applications (i.e., "hookup apps").  Participants were presented with four simulated online profiles (pre-tested for comparability) paired with each of the following characteristics: HIV-negative, HIV-positive, on PrEP, or Substance User. Participants rated the profiles on attractiveness, desirability, trustworthiness, likelihood of condom use, and ...
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New bioinformatics methods unlock analysis of major public genomics projects

Dr. Levi Waldron, investigator here with the ISPH and professor at the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy (CUNY SPH), has published two bioinformatics papers in the journals Cancer Research and Nature Methods. These papers present novel databases and bioinformatic methods that enable effective analyses of major cancer and human microbiome datasets for a much broader range of researchers than could previously utilize these publicly generated resources. The methods are implemented as components of the free R and Bioconductor software for statistical analysis of high-throughp...
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All-Africa Regional Meeting November 5-6, 2017 Kigali, Rwanda

    On November 5-6 2017, the second ‘All Africa’ meeting of the NIH funded IeDEA network (www.iedea.org)* will convene approximately 150 investigators from sub-Saharan African (SSA), the US, France, and Switzerland to share knowledge and methods, and strengthen collaborations to develop a research approach to optimize the implementation of universal testing and treatment (UTT) for HIV in the region. A true paradigm shift in HIV care and treatment, UTT—or ‘Treat All’—represents an important strategy for SSA, which has the highest rates of HIV incidence and mortality and...
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Trends in depression prevalence in the USA from 2005 to 2015: widening disparities in vulnerable groups.

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Major depression is associated with significant disability, morbidity, and mortality. The current study estimated trends in the prevalence of major depression in the US population from 2005 to 2015 overall and by demographic subgroups. METHODS: Data were drawn from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an annual cross-sectional study of US persons ages 12 and over (total analytic sample N = 607 520). Past-year depression prevalence was examined annually among respondents from 2005 to 2015. Time trends in depression prevalence stratified by survey yea...
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IMMEDIATE OPENINGS – Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in “Behavioral Sciences Research in HIV Infection

Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in “Behavioral Sciences Research in HIV Infection,” at the HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, Division of Gender, Sexuality, and Health in the Columbia University Department of Psychiatry. Fellows can be placed at CUNY ISPH. This postdoctoral Fellowship Program provides innovative training in sexuality, gender, and mental health research as applied to HIV prevention and treatment across populations in both national and global contexts. The program is  open to persons with an doctoral degree in the behavioral, social or medical sciences. The long...
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Trends in cigarette consumption and time to first cigarette on awakening from 2002 to 2015 in the USA: new insights into the ongoing tobacco epidemic.

Summary: A new study published in August 2017 assesses trends in the number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) and percentage of smokers having their first CPD within 30 minutes of waking (time to first cigarette (TTFC)<30 minutes) among smokers from 2002 – 2015 in the USA overall, adjusting for demographics.  Trends in TTFC<30 minutes were also estimated by varying levels of cigarette consumption. Outcomes of the study suggest smokers today are consuming fewer CPD, yet are more likely to have their first cigarette earlier upon waking than they were 10-years ago.  Intervention and ...
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Summer 2017 ISPH Newsletter

The second edition of the ISPH newsletter, a publication that will be updated quarterly. [rpwe limit="2" cat="8" orderby="date" date="true" excerpt="false" length="40" readmore="true" readmore_text=" See Full Issue>>" thumb="false" thumb_height="150" thumb_width="160"]
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